One of the most impressive archaeological sites in the world, the Great Pyramids of Giza, have remained a source of wonder and awe throughout the ages as they remain standing against the sands of time. The Great Pyramid of Khufu (also known as the Pyramid of Cheops) stands at 479 feet tall, making it one of the 7 Wonders of the Ancient World. Let’s take a look at 10 facts about these structures that will leave you amazed about their construction, their purpose and their legacy that still remains today.
1) How did they move the stones?
The Egyptians built the pyramids with millions of heavy stone blocks. How did they move these stones, some weighing over 2 tons? Scientists and engineers have a few theories. One theory is that ramps were used to slide the stones up to their desired location. Another theory is that there was a series of levers and pulleys on top of ramps that helped to raise them into place.
2) The incredible structure at Giza
The Great Pyramid of Giza is a monument in Egypt and one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The pyramid was built as a tomb for Pharaoh Khufu and is one of three pyramids on the Giza Plateau. It’s also thought to be the tallest structure ever erected in ancient history. It took 20 years to build with an estimated 2 million blocks made from limestone, granite, and other stones.
3) The three main pyramids of Giza
The pyramids are located in Giza, Egypt on the west bank of the Nile. The three main pyramids of Giza are named Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure. All three were constructed as tombs for pharaohs during the Old and Middle Kingdom periods. Of these three, only Khufu’s pyramid is still standing at 137 meters (449 ft) high from ground level.
4) Khufu was buried inside a pyramid made from 482,000 stone blocks
Khufu was buried inside a pyramid made from 482,000 stone blocks and is considered to be one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The other six wonders are: The Hanging Gardens of Babylon, Statue of Zeus at Olympia, Temple at Ephesus, Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, Colossus of Rhodes and Pharos Lighthouse.
5) They are older than we thought
Until recently, we thought that the pyramids were built by Pharaoh Khufu during his reign in 2551 BC. However, new research has revealed that they are likely at least 500 years older than that. While this may sound like a small detail, it actually changes a lot about what we know about ancient Egypt and how it developed.
6) What does it take to build one?
It takes about 20 years to build a pyramid, which is one of the reasons why there are only about 80 of them on earth. The ancient Egyptians built all pyramids for their pharaohs, who were believed to be gods on earth.
7) And how much were they worth back in ancient times?
The pyramids were not built to be a symbol of power. The pyramids were used to protect and honor the pharaohs and their families. There are many theories on why they were built. Some people believe that they were built as tombs for pharaohs, while others believe that they may have been used as temples or observatories.
8) Tourists have been visiting them for thousands of years, so why not?
The pyramids were built for four pharaohs of ancient Egypt, and they are one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. They have been attracting tourists for thousands of years, so why not? What is more fascinating than taking in a UNESCO site that has long stood as an icon of what it means to be a human being?
The pyramids were built for four pharaohs of ancient Egypt, and they are one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
The Great Pyramid was intended to serve as a tomb for Pharaoh Khufu and contains some passages that still make sense today.
9) And more surprising facts…
-The Great Pyramid of Giza is 479 feet high and contains 2.3 million blocks, each averaging 2.5 tons in weight. -It took 20 years to build the pyramid and it was finished in 2560 BC. -There are three known chambers inside the Great Pyramid: The King’s Chamber, The Queen’s Chamber and The Grand Gallery.
10) And an explanation on why they are still standing today.
Egyptian pyramids were built as tombs for Pharaohs and their consorts during the Old and Middle Kingdom periods. They were also sometimes used to house sacred animals. The oldest known completed pyramid is Djoser’s Pyramid in Saqqara, which was built c. 2630 BC during the Third Dynasty of Ancient Egypt. The most famous pyramids are those in Giza, which date from about 2500 BC, and on a larger scale than any other ancient structure.